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Deloitte, NIH: Two Student-led Research Teams Recognized for Discoveries in DNA Data, Advance Understanding of New Viruses, Antibiotic Resistance
With prize money, access to DNA datasets and the opportunity to study DNA data, teams from San Diego State University and The City University of New York/Kingsborough Community College compete in the ... By PR Newswire

WASHINGTON, June 14, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Demonstrating the power of student data scientists and researchers, Deloitte and the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Library of Medicine (NLM) celebrated two student-led research teams that made significant new virus and antibiotic resistance discoveries. These student teams, from San Diego State University (SDSU) and Kingsborough Community College of The City University of New York (KCC CUNY), used novel computational techniques to identify patterns in DNA data, provided by the NLM National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Sequence Read Archive (SRA).

As used in this document, "Deloitte" means Deloitte LLP. Please see  www.deloitte.com/us/about for a detailed description of the legal structure of Deloitte LLP and its subsidiaries. Certain services may not be available to attest clients under the rules and regulations of public accounting. (PRNewsFoto/Deloitte)

At KCC CUNY, students learned to perform bio-surveillance on public metagenomic datasets, identifying fungal and other micro-eukaryotic, bacterial, archaeal, and viral sequences within these datasets. The students analyzed HIV, HPV and Lyssavirus datasets, among others. Their findings reinforced the fundamentals of computational biology utilizing Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology, a critical tool in determining metagenomics data sets. Further plans are underway to developing this as a research opportunity for all interested CUNY students and beyond.



SDSU students enrolled in the Microbial Metagenomics Discovery Challenge learned how to use the "cross assembly" program that sorts through the DNA and RNA present in a sample, separates out the known microbes, and locates the genetic signatures of a virus. Led by Professor Edwards, students applied those skills by hunting for new viruses—as well as looking for the genetic hallmarks of antibiotic resistance—in real datasets of DNA. The SDSU winning team examined viruses present in California mosquitoes, how often those viruses were carried by California mosquitoes and their threats to humans.

"To make more medical breakthroughs happen, more students and young researchers need to be getting their hands dirty in these biomedical datasets," said Dr. Juergen Klenk, principal, Deloitte Consulting LLP and federal health precision medicine leader. "The next generation of researchers are digital natives, familiar with data science and crowdsourcing. This discovery challenge offers an innovative model for biomedical research of the future.

"It also demonstrates how to incentivize a vast community with an open data philosophy and a prize-based competition, to effectively advance research that could not be performed with traditional models due to the sheer size of the dataset. In this challenge, a simple crowdsourcing mechanism generated many valuable, viable ideas, and we are excited about the ones that surfaced to the top."

"Viral discovery is critical for understanding how viruses evolved inside of us and in other ecosystems, and what they mean for human and ecosystem health. This course and support from Deloitte has helped to inspire a new generation of scientists to find the next crAssphage," said Dr. Robert Edwards, professor of computer science, San Diego State University.

"Student engagement is the key to their academic success and Deloitte's support has helped them to achieve that," said Dr. Dmitry Brogun, professor of biological sciences, Kingsborough Community and Brooklyn College, City University of New York.

In the Microbial Metagenomics Discovery Challenge, professors from KCC CUNY and SDSU designed an undergraduate course to teach students computational methods and then set the students loose on the largest repository of DNA sequencing data to apply what they learned and make new discoveries. More than 60 students participated in the challenge and formed teams that combed through the SRA over the past three months.

The SRA makes biological sequence data available to the research community to enhance reproducibility and allow for new discoveries by comparing data sets. The SRA stores raw sequencing data and alignment information from high-throughput sequencing platforms. Students summarized their findings in short videos, and the most important discoveries will be published.

The winning teams received a $5,000 prize sponsored by Deloitte presented at the NLM Data Science Innovation Conference. A committee of judges from participating universities selected the winners based on the importance of their discoveries and the quality of their presentations.

"There are so many important lifesaving and life-improving discoveries and breakthroughs just waiting to be found in immense amounts of data," said Klenk. "Prizes and challenges are a great way to mobilize talent and fresh thinking. Prize designs succeed where many efforts fail because they activate a crowd of solvers from diverse perspectives and give them access to tools and data."

About Deloitte
Deloitte provides industry-leading audit, consulting, tax and advisory services to many of the world's most admired brands, including more than 85 percent of the Fortune 500 and more than 6,000 private and middle market companies. Our people work across more than 20 industry sectors to make an impact that matters — delivering measurable and lasting results that help reinforce public trust in our capital markets, inspire clients to see challenges as opportunities to transform and thrive, and help lead the way toward a stronger economy and a healthy society. Deloitte is proud to be part of the largest global professional services network serving our clients in the markets that are most important to them. 

Deloitte refers to one or more of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, a UK private company limited by guarantee ("DTTL"), its network of member firms, and their related entities. DTTL and each of its member firms are legally separate and independent entities. DTTL (also referred to as "Deloitte Global") does not provide services to clients. In the United States, Deloitte refers to one or more of the US member firms of DTTL, their related entities that operate using the "Deloitte" name in the United States and their respective affiliates. Certain services may not be available to attest clients under the rules and regulations of public accounting. Please see

www.deloitte.com/about

 to learn more about our global network of member firms.

 

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SOURCE Deloitte

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